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07 Ego Psychology


Freud's three-way 'structural' model of the psyche proved to be a productive way of thinking about the unconscious tensions and dynamics to which the individual is subject. Following Freud's death, different schools of thought concerning the relative importance of the ego emerged. In particular, that of Freud's daughter, Anna Freud. Anna Freud's 'ego psychology' was very influential in the USA. One of the most notable contributors to the theory was Erik Erikson, whose emphasis on identity and psycho-social development shifted psychoanalytic concern away from libidinal, id impulses and towards the ego's patterns of social adjustment.