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09 Neo-Freudian Approaches

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Neo-Freudian thinkers laid emphasis on the impact of social, political, and cultural factors on individual development. The pressure to conform to superego imperatives, in the shape  of societal norms and conventions, leading either to capitulation, self-alienation and the formation of an 'authoritarian' personality, or to a struggle to be free and subsequent autonomy and self-possession. Neo-Freudian thought, especially that of Fromm, thus marks a significant stage in the development of both social-psychoanalytic and political psychology.